The Effects of a Community and School Sport-Based Program on Urban Indigenous Adolescents’ Life Skills and Physical Activity Levels: The SCP Case Study

Read  full  paper  at:

http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=50538#.VEBzqFfHRK0

ABSTRACT

The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a community and school sport program (SCP) on Indigenous adolescents’ life skills and physical activity levels within program sessions. A secondary aim was to determine the acceptability of the SCP. Participants in the SCP (n = 34; 89%) participated in a 10-week case study (age = 13.7 ± 1.16; 58% girls). Systematic observations of SCP sessions were conducted to determine physical activity levels and a life skills questionnaire was implemented. Acceptability measures included retention, implementation, attendance rates, and interviews with participants [n = 18] and key stakeholders [n = 6]. Systematic observations indicated that Indigenous students were engaged in MVPA for 58% of lesson time. Participants’ life skills remained unchanged (p = 0.93). Interview data showed that Indigenous students and key stakeholders believed the SCP was acceptable. This study highlights the need for partnerships between Indigenous community organisations and schools to design sport-based programs to promote Indigenous adolescents’ MVPA.

Cite this paper

Peralta, L. , O’Connor, D. , Cotton, W. and Bennie, A. (2014) The Effects of a Community and School Sport-Based Program on Urban Indigenous Adolescents’ Life Skills and Physical Activity Levels: The SCP Case Study. Health, 6, 2469-2480. doi: 10.4236/health.2014.618284.

References

[1] Hughes, H. and Hughes, M. (2010) Indigenous Education 2010. Policy Monograph 110. The Centre for Independent Studies, St. Leonards.
[2] Aird, R., Miller, E., van Megen, K. and Buys, L. (2010) Issues for Students Navigating Alternative Pathways to Higher Education: Barriers, Access and Equity. Literature Review Prepared for the Adult Learner Social Inclusion Project. Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane.
[3] Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations (DEEWR) (2008) National Report to Parliament on Indigenous Education and Training, 2008. Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra.
[4] Indigenous Higher Education Advisory Council (IHEAC) (2006) Improving Indigenous Outcomes and Enhancing Indigenous Culture and Knowledge in Australian Higher Education. Department of Education, Science and Training, Canberra.
[5] Radloff, A. and Coates, H. (2010) Doing More for Learning: Enhancing Engagement and Outcomes. Australasian Student Engagement Report. ACER, Camberwell.
[6] World Health Organization (1999) Partners in Life Skills Education. World Health Organization Department of Mental Health, Geneva.
[7] Danish, S.J., Forneris, T., Hodge, K. and Heke, I. (2004) Enhancing Youth Development through Sport and Recreation. World Leisure, 46, 38-49.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/04419057.2004.9674365
[8] Holt, N.L. (2008) Positive Youth Development through Sport. Routledge, New York.
[9] Danish, S.J., Petitpas, A.J. and Hale, B.D. (1993) Life Development Intervention for Athletes: Life Skills through Sports. Counseling Psychologist, 21, 352-385.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0011000093213002
[10] Danish, S.J. and Donahue, T. (1995) Understanding Media’s Influence on the Development of Antisocial and Prosocial Behavior. In: Hampton, R., Jenkins, P. and Gullota, T., Eds., Preventing Violence in America, Sage, Thousand Oaks, 133-166.
[11] Camiréa, M., Trudel, P. and Forneris, T. (2009) High School Athletes’ Perspectives on Support, Negotiation Processes, and Life Skill Development. Qualitative Research in Sport and Exercise, 1, 72-88.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19398440802673275
[12] Dinan-Thompson, M., Sellwood, J. and Carless, F. (2008) A Kickstart to Life: Australian Football League as a Medium for Promoting Life Skills in Cape York Indigenous Communities. Australian Journal of Indigenous Education, 37, 152-164.
[13] Rynne, S. and Rossi, T. (2012) The Impact of Indigenous Community Sports Programs: The Case of Surfing. Australian Sports Commission Abridged Report.
[14] Goudas, M., Dermitzaki, I., Leondari, A., et al. (2005) The Effectiveness of Teaching a Life Skills Program in a Physical Education Context. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 21, 429-438.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19398440802673275
[15] Bailey, R., Armour, K., Kirk, D., Jess, M., Pickup, I. and Sandford, R., BERA Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy Special Interest Group (2009) The Educational Benefits Claimed for Physical Education and School Sport: An Academic Review. Research Papers in Education, 24, 1-27.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19398440802673275
[16] Telford, R.D., Cunningham, R.B., Fitzgerald, R., Olive, L.S., Prosser, L., Jiang, X. and Telford, R. (2012) Physical Education, Obesity and Academic Achievement: A 2-Year Longitudinal Investigation of Australian Elementary School Children. American Journal of Public Health, 102, 368-374.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2011.300220
[17] Pate, R.R., Davis, M.G., Robinson, T.N., et al. (2006) Promoting Physical Activity in Children and Youth: A Leadership Role for Schools: A Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism (Physical Activity Committee) in Collaboration with the Councils on Cardiovascular Disease in Young and Cardiovascular Nursing. Circulation, 114, 1214-1224.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.177052
[18] Strong, W.B., Malina, R.M., Blimkie, C.J.R., et al. (2005) Evidence Based Physical Activity for School Age Youth. The Journal of Pediatrics, 146, 732-746.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2005.01.055
[19] Crawford, D. (2009) The Future of Sport in Australia. Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra.
[20] Hardy, L.L., King, L., Espinel, P., Cosgrove, C. and Bauman, A. (2010) NSW Schools Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey (SPANS): Full Report. NSW Ministry of Health, Sydney.
[21] US Department of Health and Human Services, Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, National Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Adolescent and School Health (2010) Strategies to Improve the Quality of Physical Education. United States Government, Washington DC.
[22] Fairclough, S.J. and Stratton, G. (2005) Physical Activity Levels in Middle and High School Physical Education: A Review. Pediatric Exercise Science, 17, 217-218.
[23] Fairclough, S.J. and Stratton, G. (2006) A Review of Physical Activity Levels during Elementary School Physical Education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 25, 239-257.
[24] UK Association for Physical Education (2008) Health Position Paper. Physical Education Matters, 3, 8-12.
[25] Ring, I. and Brown, N. (2003) Indigenous by Definition, Experience or World View. British Medical Journal, 327, 404-405.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.327.7412.404
[26] Vos, T., Barker, B., Begg, S., Stanley, L. and Lopez, A.D. (2009) Burden of Disease and Injury in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples: The Indigenous Health Gap. International Journal of Epidemiology, 38, 470-477.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.327.7412.404
[27] Paradies, Y. and Cunningham, J. (2002) Placing Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Mortality in an International Context. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 26, 11-16.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.327.7412.404
[28] Maple-Brown, L.J., Sinha, A.K. and Davis, E.A. (2010) Type 2 Diabetes in Indigenous Australian Children and Adolescents. Journal of Pediatrics and Child Health, 46, 487-490.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1754.2010.01844.x
[29] Holt, N.L., Sehn, Z.L., Spence, J.C., Newton, A.S. and Ball, G.D.C. (2012) Physical Education and Sport Programs at an Inner City School: Exploring Possibilities for Positive Youth Development. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 17, 97-113.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17408989.2010.548062
[30] Priest, N., Mackean, T., Davis, E., Waters, E. and Briggs, L. (2012) Strengths and Challenges for Koori Kids: Harder for Koori Kids, Koori Kids Doing Well-Exploring Aboriginal Perspectives on Social Determinants of Aboriginal Child Health and Wellbeing. Health Sociology Review, 21, 165-179.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5172/hesr.2012.21.2.165
[31] Azzopardi, P.S., Kennedy, E.C., Patton, G.C., Power, R., Roseby, R.D., Sawyer, S.M. and Brown, A.D. (2013) The Quality of Health Research for Young Indigenous Australians: Systematic Review. Medical Journal of Australia, 199, 57-63.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5694/mja12.11141
[32] Des Jarlais, D.C., Lyles, C. and Crepaz, N., The Trend Group (2004) Improving the Reporting Quality of Nonrandomized Evaluations of Behavioural and Public Health Interventions: The TREND Statement. American Journal of Public Health, 94, 361-366.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.94.3.361
[33] Australian Council for Educational Research, ACER (2011) Evaluation of the Sporting Chance Program. Author, Canberra.
[34] Israel, B.A., Schulz, A.J., Parker, E.A., et al. (1998) Review of Community-Based Research: Assessing Partnership Approaches to Improve Public Health. Annual Review of Public Health, 19, 173-202.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.94.3.361
[35] Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, AIATSIS (2012) Guidelines for Ethical Research in Australian Indigenous Studies 2012.
http://www.aiatsis.gov.au/research/ethics/GERAIS.html
[36] McKenzie, T.L., Sallis, J.F. and Nader, P.R. (1991) SOFIT: System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 11, 196-205.
[37] Rowe, P.J., Schuldheisz, J.M. and van der Mars, H. (1997) Measuring Physical Activity in Physical Education: Validation of the SOFIT Direct Observation Instrument for Use with First to Eighth Grade Students. Pediatric Exercise Science, 9, 136-149.
[38] McKenzie, T.L., Sallis, J.F. and Armstrong, C.A. (1994) Association between Direct Observation and Accelerometer Measures of Children’s Physical Activity during Physical Education and Recess. Medicine Science in Sports Exercise, 26, S143.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/00005768-199405001-00805
[39] Neill, J.T., Marsh, H.W. and Richards, G.E. (2003) The Life Effectiveness Questionnaire: Development and Psychometrics. University of Western Sydney, Sydney.
[40] Patton, M.Q. (2002) Qualitative Research and Evaluation Methods. 3rd Edition, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks.
[41] Fraser-Thomas, J. and Coté, J. (2009) Understanding Adolescents’ Positive and Negative Developmental Experiences in Sport. The Sport Psychologist, 23, 3-23.
[42] Brown, T.D. and Holland, B.V. (2005) Student Physical Activity and Lesson Context during Physical Education. ACHPER Healthy Lifestyles Journal, 52, 17-23.
[43] Chow, B.C., McKenzie, T.L. and Louie, L. (2009) Physical Activity and Environmental Influences during Secondary School Physical Education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 28, 21-37.
[44] Dudley, D.A., Okely, A.D., Cotton, W.G., et al. (2012) Physical Activity Levels and Movement Skill Instruction in Secondary School Physical Education. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 15, 231-237.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2011.10.005
[45] Nelson, A. (2009) Sport, Physical Activity and Urban Indigenous Young People. Australian Aboriginal Studies, 2, 101-111.
[46] Malseed, C., Nelson, A. and Ware, R. (2014) Evaluation of a School-Based Health Education Program for Urban Indigenous Young People in Australia. Health, 6, 587-597.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/health.2014.67077
[47] McKenzie, T.L., Marshall, S.J., Sallis, J.F., et al. (2000) Student Activity Levels, Lesson Context and Teacher Behaviour during Middle School Physical Education. Research Quarterly for Exercise Sport, 71, 249-259.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2000.10608905
[48] Forneris, T., Camiré, M. and Trudel, P. (2012) The Development of Life Skills and Values in High School Sport: Is There a Gap between Stakeholder’s Expectations and Perceived Experiences? International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 10, 9-23.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2000.10608905
[49] Lacroix, C., Camire, M. and Trudel, P. (2008) High School Coaches’ Characteristics and Their Perspectives on the Purpose of Sport Participation. International Journal of Coaching Science, 2, 23-42.
[50] Gould, D. and Carson, S. (2008) Life Skills Development through Sport: Current Status and Future Directions. International Review of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 1, 58-78.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17509840701834573
[51] Carroll, J.K., Yancey, A.K., Spring, B., et al. (2011) What Are Successful Recruitment and Retention Strategies for Underserved Populations? Examining Physical Activity Interventions in Primary Care and Community Settings. Translational Behavioural Medicine, 1, 234-251.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13142-011-0034-2
[52] Lubans, D.R., Morgan, P.J., Okely, A.D., et al. (2012) Preventing Obesity among Adolescent Girls: One-Year Outcomes of the Nutrition and Enjoyable Activity for Teen Girls (NEAT Girls) Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 166, 821-827.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpediatrics.2012.41
[53] Peralta, L.R., Jones, R.A. and Okely, A.D. (2009) Promoting Healthy Lifestyles among Adolescent Boys: The Fitness Improvement and Lifestyle Awareness Program RCT. Preventive Medicine, 48, 537-542.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.04.007
[54] Thebane, L., Ma, J., Chu, R., et al. (2010) A Tutorial on Pilot Studies: The What, Why and How. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 10, 1-10.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2288-10-1                                                                    eww141017lx
Advertisements

One thought on “The Effects of a Community and School Sport-Based Program on Urban Indigenous Adolescents’ Life Skills and Physical Activity Levels: The SCP Case Study

  1. Practical commentary ! Just to add my thoughts , if your company wants a a form , I came across a template document here http://goo.gl/bemHZ0

发表评论

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / 更改 )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / 更改 )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / 更改 )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / 更改 )

Connecting to %s