Operating Site Infections at General Surgery Department of Gabriel Toure Training Hospital

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The operating site infections constitute the major postoperative issue in surgery. Our objectives were to determine the hospital frequency, the risk factors, the involved germs as well as the cost generated by the operating site infections. Method: Our three months prospective survey run from September the 1st to November the 30th 2013 has included all department patients being operated on and hospitalized. The criteria have been set by CDC d’Atlanta. Results: 374 files were involved, among them 229 (61.2%) were emergencies and 145 (38.8%) were scheduled. The average age was 41 (extremes 7 and 95 standard deviation 17.46), the sex ratio 1.67. The infective risk according to Altmeier has found 17.5% type 1, 25.1% type 2, 11.2% type 3 and 46.3% type 4; according to NNISS, 96 (25.7) were NNISS 0; 94 (51.9%) NNISS 1; 80 (21.4%) NNISS 2; and 4 (1.1%) NNISS. In the Altmeier class I have not got antibiotic before infection signs appearances. Our overall rate of operating site infections was 7.9% (29 cases), with 24 (82.8%) emergency cases. According to Altmeier’s class of infective risk, the rate of operating site infections was 1.54% making 1 out of 65 type I patients; 4.3% making 4 out of 93 type II patients; 11.9% making 5 out of 42 type III patients; 10.9% making 19 out of 174 type IV patients. According to NNISS, the infective risk has been assessed and was 2.08% for score 0, we have got 8.25% score 1, and 12.5% for score 2, and 25% for score 3. The bacteriology has been dominated by Escherichia colii(51.7), Proteus mirabilisi(13.8), and Klebsiella pneumoniaei(10.34). The germs have been resistant to the combination Amoxicillin-clavulanic Acid between 50% and 87% of cases. The most active antibiotics on the germs have been Cephalosporin, Polypeptides, and aminoglycosides. The hospital stay has been delayed to 12 days on average by operating site infections, making 2.5 times greater than those uninfected. The infection has increased the cost of management around 600 Euro.

Cite this paper

Dembélé, B. , Traoré, A. , Togo, A. , Kanté, L. , Diakité, I. , Diarra, B. , Traoré, A. , Konaté, M. , Karembé, B. , Coulibaly, Y. , Keita, M. , Diallo, S. , Diallo, S. and Diallo, G. (2015) Operating Site Infections at General Surgery Department of Gabriel Toure Training Hospital. Surgical Science, 6, 59-64. doi: 10.4236/ss.2015.62010.

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