Processing of Lyocell Fiber Mat: An Alternative Renewable Reinforcement in Composite Manufacturing

Read  full  paper  at:http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=55424#.VSYKzY7nbeo

ABSTRACT

The carding of the Lyocell cellulose fiber was done with a cylindrical cross lap machine supplied by Cormatex Prato, Italy. Several mats were made by carding and needle punching in order to have a compact and well entangled mat suitable for reinforcement. The speed of the cross lap machine, the frequency of needle punching, the number of times the mat goes through needle punching, the feeding rate of the carded fiber and the depth of needle penetration determined the level of entanglement of the Lyocell fiber which ultimately increased the mechanical properties of the fiber. The good mechanical properties of the carded Lyocell fiber made it a renewable and environmentally friendly alternative as reinforcement in composite manufacturing. Compared with other jute fiber reinforced composites, the mechanical properties of the resulting Lyocell composites were found to be better. Regenerated cellulose fiber (Lyocell) composites were environmentally friendly and the mechanical properties were comparable to those of natural fibers.

Cite this paper

Adekunle, K. and Skrifvars, M. (2015) Processing of Lyocell Fiber Mat: An Alternative Renewable Reinforcement in Composite Manufacturing. Green and Sustainable Chemistry, 5, 47-54. doi: 10.4236/gsc.2015.52007.

References

[1] Adekunle, K.F., Patzelt, C., Kalantar, A. and Skrifvars, M. (2011) Mechanical and Viscoelastic Properties of Soybean Oil Thermoset Reinforced with Jute Fabrics and Carded Lyocell Fiber. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 122, 2855-2863.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.34360
[2] John, M.J. and Thomas, S. (2008) Biofibres and Biocomposites. Carbohydrate Polymers, 71, 343-364.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2007.05.040
[3] Carrillo, F., Colom, X. and Canavate, X. (2010) Properties of Regenerated Cellulose Lyocell Fiber Reinforced Composites. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 29, 359-371.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0731684408097777
[4] Khan, M.A., Ganster, J. and Fink, H.P. (2009) Hybrid Composites of Jute and Man-Made Cellulose Fibers with Polypropylene by Injection Moulding. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 40, 846-851.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2009.04.015
[5] Li, Y., Sreekala, M.S. and Jacob, M. (2009) Textile Composites Based on Natural Fibers. Old City Publishing (Chapter 8), Philadelphia 202-227.
[6] Pandita, S.D., Falconet, D. and Verpoest, I. (2002) Impact Properties of Weft Knitted Fabric Reinforced Composites. Composites Science and Technology, 62, 1113-1123.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0266-3538(02)00057-X
[7] Bledzki, A.K. and Zhang, W. (2001) Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Natural Fiber-Reinforced Epoxy Foams. Jour- nal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 20, 1263-1274.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/073168401772679192
[8] Pothan, L.A., Mai, Y.W., Thomas, S. and Li, R.K.Y. (2008) Tensile and Flexural Behavior of Sisal Fabric/Polyester Textile Composites Prepared by Resin Transfer Molding Technique. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 27, 1847-1866.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0731684408090342
[9] Van de Weyenberg, I., Chi, T.T., Vangrimde, B. and Verpoest, I. (2006) Improving the Properties of UD Flax Fiber Reinforced Composites by Applying an Alkaline Fiber Treatment. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufac-turing, 37, 1368-1376.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2005.08.016
[10] Mohanty, S. and Nayak, S.K. (2006) Mechanical and Rheological Characterization of Treated Jute-HD Composites with a Different Morphology. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 25, 1419-1439.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0731684406066676
Advertisements

发表评论

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / 更改 )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / 更改 )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / 更改 )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / 更改 )

Connecting to %s