Foliar Application of Micronutrients Enhances Wheat Growth, Yield and Related Attributes

Read  full  paper  at:

Thanks for reading ~have a nice day!


Wheat is one of the most essential foods in the world. To increase its productivity, nutrient management is one of the most important factors. To assess the possible role of micronutrients in improving wheat yield, an experiment was conducted to evaluate the wheat performance by foliar application of micronutrients. Treatments consist of T1 = No spray, T2 = Spraying plants with tube well water (control), T3 = Spraying plants with 1.6 kg FeSO4/100 L water/acre, T4 = Spraying plants with 3 kg ZnSO4 (21%)/100 L water/acre, T5 = Spraying plants with 1 kg MnSO4/100 L water/acre, T6 = Spraying plants with (FeSO4 + MnSO4), T7 = Spraying plants with (FeSO4 + ZnSO4), T8 = Spraying plants with (ZnSO4 + MnSO4), and T9 = Spraying plants with (FeSO4 + ZnSO4 + MnSO4). Results showed that foliar application of micronutrients substantially improved plant height, spike length cm, spikelets/spike, grains/spike, test weight, Tillers m-2, grain and biological as well as harvest index of wheat. Among treatments, foliar application of FeSO4 + ZnSO4 + MnSO4 remained comparatively better regarding yield related attributes of whea

Cite this paper

Zain, M. , Khan, I. , Khan Qadri, R. , Ashraf, U. , Hussain, S. , Minhas, S. , Siddiquei, A. , Jahangir, M. and Bashir, M. (2015) Foliar Application of Micronutrients Enhances Wheat Growth, Yield and Related Attributes.American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 864-869. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.67094.


[1] Rehm, G. and Albert, S. (2006) Micronutrients and Production of Hard Red Spring Wheat. Minnesota Crop e News, 7 March 2006, 1-3.
[2] Welch, R.M., Allaway, W.H., House, W.A. and Kubota, J. (1991) Geographic Distribution of Trace Element Problems. In: Mortvedt, J.J. Ed., Micronutrients in Agriculture, 2nd Edition, Madison, SSSA BookSer.4. SSSA, Wisconsin, 31-57.
[3] Liew, C.S. (1988) Foliar Fertilizers from Uniroyal and their Potential in Pakistan. Proceedings of Seminar on Micronutrient in Soils and Crops in Pak. 277(Abstract).
[4] Arif, M., Chohan, M.A., Ali, S., Gul, R. and Khan, S. (2006) Response of Wheat to Foliar Application of Nutrients. Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, 1, 30-34.
[5] Ali, S., Khan, A.R., Mairaj, G., Arif, M., Fida, M. and Bibi, S. (2008) Assessment of Different Crop Nutrients Management Practices for Improvement of Crop Yield. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 2, 150-157.
[6] Bameri, M., Abdolshahi, R., Mohammadi-Nejad, G., Yousefi, K. and Tabatabaie, S.M. (2012) Effect of Different Microelement Treatment on Wheat (Triticum aestivum) Growth and Yield. International Research Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 3, 219-223.
[7] Boorboori, M.R., Eradatmand Asli, D. and Tehrani, M. (2012) The Effect of Dose and Different Methods of Iron, Zinc, Manganese and Copper Application on Yield Components, Morphological Traits and Grain Protein Percentage of Barley Plant (Hordeum vulgare L.) in Greenhouse Conditions. Journal of Advances in Environmental Biology, 6, 740-746.
[8] Dewal, G.S. and Pareek, R.G. (2004) Effect of Phosphorus, Sulphur and Zinc on Growth, Yield and Nutrient Uptake of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Indian Journal of Agronomy, 49, 160-162.
[9] WHO (2002) World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life. World Health Organization, Geneva.
[10] Grewal, H.S., Zhonggu, L. and Graham, R.D. (1997) Influence of Subsoil Zinc on Dry Matter Production, Seed Yield and Distribution of Zinc in Oilseed Rape Genotypes Differing in Zinc Efficiency. Plant and Soil, 192, 181-189.
[11] Torun, A., ltekin, I.G.Ã., Kalayci, M., Yilmaz, A., Eker, S. and Cakmak, I. (2001) Effects of Zinc Fertilization on Grain Yield and Shoot Concentrations of Zinc, Boron and Phosphorus of 25 Wheat Cultivars Grown on a Zinc-Defi- cient and Boron-Toxic Soil. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 24, 1817-1829.
[12] Gurmani, A.H., Shahani, B.H., Khan, S. and Khan, M.A. (1988) Effect of Various Micronutrients (Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn) on the Yield of Paddy. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 4, 515-520.
[13] Potarzycki, J. and Grzebisz, W. (2009) Effect of Zinc Foliar Application on Grain Yield of Maize and Its Yielding Components. Plant, Soil and Environment, 55, 519-527.
[14] Steel, R.G.D. and Torrie, J.H. (1997) Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. McGraw Hill Company, New York, 187-188.
[15] Khan, R., Gurmani, A.R., Khan, M.S. and Gurmani, A.H. (2009) Residual, Direct and Cumulative Effect of Zinc Application on Wheat and Rice Yield under Rice-Wheat System. Soil and Environment, 28, 24-28.
[16] Islam, M.R., Islam, M.S., Jahirhuddin, M. and Hoque, M.S. (1999) Effect of Sulphur, Zinc and Boron on Yield, Yield Components and Nutrients Uptake of Wheat. Pakistan Journal of Science and Industrial Research, 42, 137-140.
[17] Abbas, G., Khan, M.Q., Jamil, M., Tahir, M. and Hussain, F. (2009) Nutrient Uptake, Growth and Yield of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) as Affected by Zinc Application Rates. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 11, 389-396.
[18] Blevins, D.G. and Lukaszewski, K.M. (1998) Boron in Plant Structure and Function. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, 49, 481-500.
[19] Modaihsh, A.S. (1997) Foliar Application of Chelated and Non-Chelated Metals for Supplying Micro-Nutrients to Wheat Grown Calcareous Soils. Experimental Agriculture, 33, 237-245.
[20] Ziaeian, A.H. and Malakouti, M.J. (2006) Effects of Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu Fertilization on the Yield and Grain Quality of Wheat in the Calcareous Soils of Iran. In: Plant Nutrition, Springer, Netherlands, 840-841.
[21] Maralian, H. (2009) Effect of Foliar Application of Zn and Fe on Wheat Yield and Quality. African Journal of Biotechnology, 8, 6795-6798.
[22] Yilmaz, A., Torun, H.B., Gultekin, I., Karanlik, S., Bagei, S.A. and Cakmak, I. (1997) Effect of Different Zinc Application Methods on Grain Yield and Zinc Concentration in Wheat Cultivars Grown on Zinc Deficient Calcareous Soils. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 20, 461-471.
[23] Khan, R., Gurmani, A.R., Khan, M.S. and Gurmani, A.H. (2007) Effect of Zinc Application on Rice Yield under Wheat Rice System. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10, 235-239.
[24] Shelp, B.J. (1993) Physiology and Biochemistry of Boron in Plans. In: Gupta, U.C., Ed., Boron and Its Role in Crop Production, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 53-85.
[25] Ruiz, J.M., Baghour, M.G., Bretones, A.B. and Romero, L. (1998) Nitrogen Metabolism in Tobacco Plants (Nicotiana tabacum L.) Role of Boron as a Possible Regulatory Factor. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 159, 121-126.
[26] Du, Y.Q., Liao, X.R., He, J.H., Huang, Z.Y. and Zhou, X.H. (2002) Effect of Boron and Molybdenum on the Growth Development and Yield of Peanut. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer, 8, 229-233.
[27] Panhwar, Q.A., Radziah, O.Y., Khanif, M. and Naher, U.A. (2011) Application of Boron and Zinc in the Tropical Soils and Its Effect on Maize (Zea mays L.) Growth and Soil Microbial Environment. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 5, 1649-1654.
[28] Webb, M.J. and Loneragan, J.F. (1990) Zinc Translocation to Wheat Roots and Its Implications for a Phosphorus/Zinc Interaction in Wheat Plants. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 13, 1499-1512.


Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out / 更改 )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / 更改 )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / 更改 )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / 更改 )

Connecting to %s