Microbiological Pollution Indication as Tracer for the Pollution of Well Water: The Example of the District of Abomey-Calavi (Benin)

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ABSTRACT

Water is indispensable at life. Resources in waters of the township of Abomey-Calavi are of national importance. The township of Abomey-Calavi is very close to the biggest plan of water Beninese lagoon: The Nokoué lake. Besides, not only the waters of the ground water are consumed by the majority of the population from the traditional well, but also, the underground waters of the terminal continnental of the township of Abomey-Calavi are exploited intensely by the Society Nationnale of the Waters of Benin (SONEB) to nourish in drinking water in the townships of Abomey-Calavi, of Cotonou the biggest city of the country and Sèmè. The microbiological parameter followup (total coliforms, coliforms thermotolerants and enterrococcis) to the level of many traditional well and deep boring and some different points of Nokoué lake were the object of a treatment of data by the establishment of card of fecal contamination of waters natural of the region, that informs us on the quality of waters by the slant of a microbiological quality indication that calculates itself according to the method of Bovesse and Depelchin (1980). The survey of the microbiological contamination indication, succeeds to the establishment of seasonal cards of quality of waters.

Cite this paper

Hounsinou, P. , Mama, D. , Tchibozo, M. , Boukari, M. and Sohounhloue, D. (2015) Microbiological Pollution Indication as Tracer for the Pollution of Well Water: The Example of the District of Abomey-Calavi (Benin).Journal of Environmental Protection, 6, 290-298. doi: 10.4236/jep.2015.64029.

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