Role of Media in Provoking Cigarette Smoking among Adolescents in Urban Nepal

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=53256#.VLiBZ8nQrzE

ABSTRACT

At current era of globalization, media is the double edged sword that is important both for health education as well as the stimulation of unhealthy behaviour. In Nepal, though there is ban on most forms of advertising, it is not clear about placement of tobacco advertisement in TV, films and other forms of media. Studies about cigarette smoking and its association with media are inadequate in Nepal. The objective of this study was to explore the role of media in cigarette smoking habit of adolescents in Nepal. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 394 adolescent students by using questionnaire method in 3 randomly selected colleges of Kathmandu district, Nepal. Data were analysed by using bivariate and multinomial logistic regression analysis. Statistically significant relationship at 95% CI was found between cigarette smoking status and media related variables like: seeing cigarette advertisement, reading fashion magazine, attending musical program sponsored by cigarette companies, watching movies in cinema hall, liking heavy metal/hard rock music, television watching time and desire to smoke if favourite artist smokes. Multinomial logistic regression showed that those with high receptivity to cigarette advertisement were likely to be current smokers (OR = 71.416, CI: 8.796 – 579.823) and ever smokers (OR = 9.582, CI: 2.201 – 41.714) compared to never smokers. About 79% of respondents agreed that media teaches different ways of smoking to its audiences. Different forms of media including cinema, music, magazines, television, games and music sponsorship are found to be important predictors for smoking status of college students in urban Nepal. Thus smoking prevention activities should consider role of media in smoking provocation among adolescents.

Cite this paper

Dahal, S. , Maharjan, S. , Subedi, R. and Maharjan, J. (2015) Role of Media in Provoking Cigarette Smoking among Adolescents in Urban Nepal. Health, 7, 98-105. doi: 10.4236/health.2015.71011.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2004.03.006                                                         eww150116lx

Patterns of Health-Risk Behaviors among Jordanian Adolescent Students

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=53212#.VLcp8cnQrzE

Author(s)

ABSTRACT

Little information exists about health-risk behaviors in Jordanian adolescents especially among 15 – 19 years olds. The purpose of this study was to assess the patterns of three of health-risk behaviors, namely, diet, physical activity, and tobacco use of the Jordanian adolescent students aged 15 to 19 years old, and to compare the patterns of these behaviors between male and female adolescents. A descriptive cross-sectional design was used. A multi-stage stratified random sample was obtained from the public school educational directorate, which is affiliated to Amman governorate. A random sub sample of eight public comprehensive secondary schools was selected, four schools for females and four schools for males. A total of 750 students (375 boys and 375 girls), their ages between 15 – 19 years were included in the analysis. Data were collected by using two tools: students’ profile structured questionnaire (tool 1), and a modified version of the General School Health Survey questionnaire (tool 2). The findings of this study showed that 10.7% of students were overweight and 4.9% were obese. The majority of students had eaten less than the daily requirements of fruits, vegetables, and milk daily, while the intake of soft drinks was higher than recommended. One-fifth of students had been physically active at least 60 minutes daily. Overall, (55.5%) had tried smoking and 44.0% had smoked any other form of tobacco such as water pipe. Moreover, 62.4% had tried to quit smoking cigarettes. Furthermore, there were significant differences between males and females regarding these risk behaviors. In conclusion, there are problems with Jordanian adolescents relating to diet, physical activity, and tobacco use. The results highlight the need for effective school health program that combines education, counseling and behavioral skill building along with environmental support to enhance students’ efforts, intentions, and strategies to overcome these risk behaviors. In addition, the findings could help policy makers to strength strategies and policies to maintain healthy adolescents and schools.

Cite this paper

Malak, M. (2015) Patterns of Health-Risk Behaviors among Jordanian Adolescent Students. Health, 7, 58-70. doi: 10.4236/health.2015.71008.

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Cardiovascular Reactivity to Short Duration Videos in Adolescents: An Exploratory Study

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=48897#.VK9Mc8nQrzE

Author(s)

Julia Leclerc, Juliette Samson, Frederike Carrier-Toutant, Jacques E. Leclerc

Affiliation(s)

Laval University, Quebec City, Canada.
Laval University, Quebec City, Canada.
Laval University, Quebec City, Canada.
Laval University, Quebec City, Canada.

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study is to observe the cardiovascular changes associated to the visualization of three YouTube video sequences: humor-sad-violent in an adolescent population. Thirty-two adolescents (16 males and 16 females) were shown three YouTube one-minute sequences (humor-sad-violent). At key points during the sequences, the cardiac rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) were recorded. A subjective perceptual evaluation of the videos was obtained. Statistical evaluation of the data was done with the Mann-Whitney test. Minor changes in HR and the diastolic blood pressure (DP) were recorded but did not prove to be statistically significant. Of statistical significance (p < 0.05), the males rated the violent sequence as more violent than the females did. There was a minor decrease of their HR and DP. An average 10 mmHg decrease in their systolic blood pressure nearly reached statistical significance (p = 0.067). In this exploratory study, exposure to a violent video sequence was associated with a decrease of the male adolescents’ average systolic pressure. It is suggested that such a response may mean a relaxing effect due to this activity. Further investigation is required with a larger cohort and continuous monitoring to confirm these findings.

KEYWORDS

Adolescents, Cardiovascular Activity, Short Duration Videos, Humor, Sadness, Violence

Cite this paper

Leclerc, J. , Samson, J. , Carrier-Toutant, F. & Leclerc, J. (2014). Cardiovascular Reactivity to Short Duration Videos in Adolescents: An Exploratory Study. Advances in Anthropology, 4, 141-148. doi: 10.4236/aa.2014.43018.

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Correlates of Internet Addiction among Adolescents

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=51695#.VHUk32fHRK0

Author(s)

ABSTRACT

Internet addiction is a broad concept. Despite inconclusive or inconsistent definition for this disorder, usage of the internet is growing rapidly each year especially among adolescents, making it imperative to look into factors that can be correlated to it. The study provided description on adolescent internet addiction and examined significant differences in terms of gender, type of school and online behaviors. Further, the relationship of adolescent internet addiction to spiritual intelligence, psychological wellbeing and social desirability was explored. Questionnaires were used in the data collection; findings suggest that adolescents are frequent online users and that there are significant differences in terms of gender, school type, and online behaviors; social desirability had a strong positive relationship with adolescent internet addiction.

Cite this paper

Waldo, A. (2014). Correlates of Internet Addiction among Adolescents. Psychology, 5, 1999-2008. doi: 10.4236/psych.2014.518203.

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Making Family Planning Services Relevant to Adolescents: Perspectives from Rural Communities in Central Ghana

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=51593#.VG6Uy2fHRK0

ABSTRACT

In lower middle-income countries like Ghana, it is common to find low contraceptive use among adolescents with corresponding high pregnancy outcomes. Evidence points to the fact that the use of contraceptives prevents maternal, neonatal and infant deaths, but in most lower middle-income countries, socio-cultural practices inhibit adolescents’ use. Ensuring the uptake of family planning among adolescents is deemed a necessary means of reducing maternal, neonatal and infant mor-tality. This manuscript seeks to provide contextually relevant approaches to satisfying family planning needs of adolescents in a population lacking it. We employed a qualitative study design from an interpretive paradigm with phenomenology as the methodology to understand societal attitudes towards family planning delivery to adolescents, so as to arrive at contextually appro-priate ways of providing family planning to this needy group. Focused group discussions and in-depth interviews techniques were used in data collection among adolescents, relevant commu-nity opinion leaders and family planning & health services providers. Themes that emerged from data analysis with respect to “perspectives on family planning care delivery to adolescents” and “best ways in addressing adolescents’ family planning needs” are presented, followed by discussion of the issues emerging. A significant and encouraging finding of the study was that opinion leaders and healthcare providers viewed family planning as a means of protecting adolescents against pregnancies and their complications. A key recommendation is for policy makers and political leaders to enact legislations that enable adolescents to have friendly family planning service delivery in all places and at all times.

Cite this paper

Enuameh, Y. , Tawiah, C. , Afari-Asiedu, S. , Nettey, O. , Sulemana, A. , Mahama, E. , Adjei, G. , Boamah, E. , Manu, A. , Gyaase, S. , Zandoh, C. , Amanfo, N. , Asante, K. , Letsa, T. and Owusu-Agyei, S. (2014) Making Family Planning Services Relevant to Adolescents: Perspectives from Rural Communities in Central Ghana. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, 4, 852-859. doi: 10.4236/ojpm.2014.411096.

References

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[21] Save the Children (2009) Involving Religious Leaders to Promote Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health in Bangladesh. Westport, Connecticut.                                                                                                                     eww141121lx

Crohn’s Disease and Urinary Manifestations: A Crohn’s Intestinal Disease Mimicking a Bladder Mass

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=47230#.VFwo8GfHRK0

ABSTRACT

We report a rare mode of presentation of Crohn’s Disease (CD) in a 17-year-old boy, who was admitted at our hospital due to abdominal pain, dysuria, polyuria and fever. The ultrasound showed an increased wall thickness of the small bowel and cecum and a vegetating lesion adjoined into the bladder. The histology was not suggestive of CD and it excluded the bladder neoplasm. Based on the biochemical assessment and the imaging, we started the treatment specific for CD (nutritional therapy by Modulen, short courses of steroids, azathioprine and mesalazine during the follow up), These treatments improved the gastrointestinal symptoms and the nutritional status of our patient but also induced the disappearance of the mass adjoined into the bladder. In spite of the severe onset, in this patient, the clinical course of CD was mild and responder to conventional therapy.

Cite this paper

Papadatou, B. , Monti, L. , Torre, G. , Panetta, F. and Diamanti, A. (2014) Crohn’s Disease and Urinary Manifestations: A Crohn’s Intestinal Disease Mimicking a Bladder Mass. Health, 6, 1482-1486. doi: 10.4236/health.2014.612182.

References

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[9] Evans, C.E. and Tighe, M.P. (2014) Crohn’s Disease Presenting as Bladder Mass. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 99, 256.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2013-305500                                                                eww141107lx

Lipoprotein (a) and Ultrasensitive C-Reactive Protein in Overweight Adolescents

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=50815#.VE7zP1fHRK0

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The more intense and early development of obesity, the greater the risk of persistence and severity of comorbidities, such as cardiovascular disease. There is evidence that high serum concentrations of lipoprotein (a) [Lp (a)] and C-reactive protein (CRP) are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. Objectives: To verify the change in the levels of Lp (a) and ultrasensitive CRP and its relationship with the nutritional status of adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted with overweight children and adolescents between August 2012 and July 2013 attended at the Center for Childhood Obesity. The measurement of inflammatory markers was performed in the Clinical Laboratory of the State University of Paraiba. Comparison of sociodemographic variables by sex was tested by chi-square; the association of the risk markers according to age was evaluated by Student’s t test, and the body mass index by analysis of Pearson correlation. The normality distribution was tested by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Confidence interval of 95% was adopted in all analyses. The study was approved by the Ethics Research Committee of UEPB (CAAE 0256.0.133.000-11). Results: Of the 133 children and adolescents evaluated, 60.9% were female and 72.2% were adolescents. Body Mass Index, lipo (a) and u-CRP showed statistically significant association with age (p < 0.01). There was a positive ascending correlation (r = 0.273, p < 0.01) of u-CRP with BMI, which was not verified for lipoprotein (a). Conclusion: As a cardiovascular risk marker already established in literature, the association of u-CRP with the nutritional status of adolescents, proportionally, shows the need for losing weight in this population, especially at early age. A deeper and long-term investigation should be carried out for more effective and consistent contribution to public health.

Cite this paper

Alves, D. , Farias, C. , Costa, I. , Simões, M. , Medeiros, C. and Carvalho, D. (2014) Lipoprotein (a) and Ultrasensitive C-Reactive Protein in Overweight Adolescents. Health, 6, 2349-2355. doi: 10.4236/health.2014.617270.

References

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