Evaluation of Laboratory Performance with Quality Indicators in Infectious Disease Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

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Background: In January 2010, the implementation of quality management systems toward WHO-AFRO laboratory accreditation commenced in the Antiretroviral Treatment Laboratory of the Infectious Disease Hospital, Kano, Nigeria. Quality improvement projects were instituted in 2011 in line with ISO 15189 requirements for accreditation of medical laboratory. In this study we evaluated the performance of the laboratory through some set of quality indicators (QI). Methodology: This was a retrospective study to evaluate laboratory QIs monitored from January 2011 to December 2013. The QIs were specimen rejection rate (SSR), turnaround time (TAT), proficiency testing performance (PTP) and client satisfaction survey (CSS). Data was collected into an excel file for analysis and percentage performance compared among years. SSR & TAT were evaluated with the Sigma scale. Results: A total of 7920 (2194 in 2011, 2715 in 2012, 3011 in 2013) specimens were received for testing. 22 (0.28%) specimens were rejected and 81 (1.02%) specimens’ results were reported after the acceptable TAT, giving a Sigma level of 4.27 and 3.82 for SSR and TAT respectively. There was steady improvement in PTP: CD4+ from 67% in 2011 to 90% in 2013, hematology from 81% in 2012 to 83% in 2013, blood film reading 79% in 2011 to 83% in 2013 and chemistry from 90% in 2011 to 93% in 2013. HIV serology recorded 100% throughout. CSS increased from 59% in 2012 to 78% in 2013. However, there was no statistically significance difference reported for PTP and CSS over the years (P > 0.05). Conclusion: The study highlights the need to continuously evaluate QIs and calls for more effort to improve on PTP and focuses on understanding and improving on clients concerns.

Cite this paper

Jegede, F. , Mbah, H. , Aminu, M. , Yakubu, T. and Torpey, K. (2015) Evaluation of Laboratory Performance with Quality Indicators in Infectious Disease Hospital, Kano, Nigeria. Open Journal of Clinical Diagnostics, 5, 1-9. doi: 10.4236/ojcd.2015.51001.

References

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107277                                    eww150213lx
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Towards Designing an Intelligent Educational Assessment Tool

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Assessment is an important part of learning process. It can be defined as the process of gathering information for the purpose of making judgments about a current state of affairs presumably for the purpose of enhancing future outcomes [1]. It determines whether or not the goals of education are being met. Typically, most assessment tools give a numerical score as the result of the assessment. This may not be enough to improve the student’s progress. In this paper we defined main problems in current assessment tools and proposed a new assessment model that uses notions in knowledge space theory to overcome the shortage of the current assessment models. The experiment result showed that this new prototype made the assessment process easier and more effective. However, assessment affects decisions about grades, instructional needs and curriculum. This is an important phase of the learning process being showed in this paper in knowledge states framework. Future research will focus on making the tool behave intelligently to improve students’ learning momentum.

Cite this paper

Hamtini, T. , Albasha, S. and Varoca, M. (2015) Towards Designing an Intelligent Educational Assessment Tool. Journal of Software Engineering and Applications, 8, 35-42. doi: 10.4236/jsea.2015.82005.

References

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Experimental Evaluation of Fixing Equipment for Improving the Efficiency of Modular Unit Systems

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=52800#.VKNricnQrzE

ABSTRACT

Modular unit systems provide an eco-friendly advanced construction method that improves productivity and reduces carbon emissions and construction waste. In these systems, the prefabrication ratio of the modules should be high in order to support these eco-friendly features. The purpose of this study was to verify the functionality and driving safety of fixing a modular unit with a high prefabrication ratio to a vehicle for transportation to the site using two novel adapter blocks specially developed for this purpose. When asked to evaluate their performance for this study, the truck drivers selected adaptor block type B as providing the highest convenience and functionality. In real-world driving experiments, maximum loads of 15 kN and 25 kN were measured on adapter block types A and B, respectively. Future improvements in the adapter blocks that take the safety ratio and the improved convenience of use into account are confidently expected to contribute to the eco-friendliness and the improved productivity of modular unit systems.

Cite this paper

Kim, K. and Park, N. (2014) Experimental Evaluation of Fixing Equipment for Improving the Efficiency of Modular Unit Systems. Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research, 2, 244-254. doi: 10.4236/jbcpr.2014.24022.

References

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[10] Kim, K.T., Park, N.C. and Lee, Y.R. (2014) A Test of Fixation Equipment for Transporting Modular Units. Proceedings of the Architectural Institute of Korea, Busan (Korea), October 2014, 695-696.        eww141231lx

Erratum to “Recovery Approaches in Mental Health: A Qualitative Evaluation of the Whole Life Therapy Programme for Persons with Schizophrenia” [Health 5 (2013) 582-587]

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=52786#.VKNhfMnQrzE

ABSTRACT

The original online version of this article (Littlechild, B., Smith, A. H., Meredith-Windle, G., Gale, T., Lloyd, M. and Hawley, C. (2013) Recovery Approaches in Mental Health: A Qualitative Evaluation of the Whole Life Therapy Programme for Persons with Schizophrenia. Health, 5, 582-587. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/health.2013.53A077) was published mistakenly with a co-author (who also developed the Whole Life Programme) missing. To reflect the contribution and responsibility of the co-author as well as the affiliations of the authors at the time of the study, we revised authorship and author affiliations of the article.

Cite this paper

Littlechild, B. , Woodward, J. , Smith, A. , Meredith-Windle, G. , Gale, T. , Lloyd, M. and Hawley, C. (2014) Erratum to “Recovery Approaches in Mental Health: A Qualitative Evaluation of the Whole Life Therapy Programme for Persons with Schizophrenia” [Health 5 (2013) 582-587]. Health, 6, 3054-3054. doi: 10.4236/health.2014.621344.         eww141231lx

Determining the Quality of Management and Structural Elements of the Epidemiology and Biostatistics Department in Tehran University of Medical Sciences

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=52321#.VJDXW8nQrzE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The system of quality in higher education requires a systematic evaluation of all of its different aspects. Different patterns of evaluation reveal the strengths and weaknesses of the programs and facilitate the informed decisions. Objectives: The objectives of the present research are as follows: 1) Determining the quality of the structural elements of the Epidemiology and Biostatistics Department; 2) Determining the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats to improve the quality of activities in the department under research. Design: In this research, the efficiency of the department was studied based on the internal self-evaluation. For this purpose, pre-determined indices with relative modifications were used. This study was conducted with the collaboration of the head of the department, faculty members, all of the students (residents, Ph.D. and M.S. students) and the graduates. Through a pilot study the initial rates of the areas under research were first determined by the opinion poll carried out among all the faculty members, then through proper tests, unrelated data were identified and omitted and the final rates were extracted. Results: The mean of the areas under study was 59.8% of which the minimum (37%) was related to the area of aims and objectives and the maximum (72.6%) related to area of the graduates. Conclusions: The graduate domain is one of the key areas under study in the internal evaluation of this department which received a good score.

Cite this paper

Farzianpour, F. , Mohammad, K. , Malekafzali, H. and Nejat, S. (2014) Determining the Quality of Management and Structural Elements of the Epidemiology and Biostatistics Department in Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Service Science and Management, 7, 430-439. doi: 10.4236/jssm.2014.76040.

References

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Innovation and Evaluation in the Brazilian Higher Education Culture: Interdisciplinary and General Education

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=50786#.VE8L4FfHRK0

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to present partial results of the Interdisciplinary Higher Education Program (ProFIS) related to the interdisciplinary general education proposal, which represents an innovation in the Brazilian Higher Education culture. The general education provided by the program is concerned in preparing students with greater knowledge, critical sense by expanding their knowledge and culture, and makes them critical citizens and professionals. Besides curricular innovation, the course aims to establish a policy of affirmative action through the inclusion of public school students. Briefly, it presents the general education as curriculum emphasis adopted by universities in various parts of the world. Then, it presents the ProFIS proposal, its current development stage and the analysis of partial results of the evaluation process under development. The evaluation process is developed with teachers, students and course coordination.

Cite this paper

Pereira, E. , Carneiro, A. and Gonçalves, M. (2014) Innovation and Evaluation in the Brazilian Higher Education Culture: Interdisciplinary and General Education. Creative Education, 5, 1690-1701. doi: 10.4236/ce.2014.518188.

References

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Evaluation of Characteristics Floristico-Edaphic of the Steppes at Alfa (Stipa tenacissima L.) in the Saida Region (Western Algeria)

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=50904#.VE71wlfHRK0

ABSTRACT

To establish an assessment of floristic and edaphic characteristics of steppe formations we conducted a phytoecological study on a local scale by comparing the current plant diversity and soil in three (3) stations representative of the vegetation to alfa (Stipa tenacissima L.) located south of Saida (western Algeria). The relations between the station, the vegetation and the characteristics of soils in the steppe are very imperfectly known. This study intends to analyze the relationship between floristic composition and edaphic parameters of the steppe at alfa. Anthropogenic pressures on plant structure are different imbalance resulting in one ecological. The floristic and edaphic data have been the subject of a factorial correspondence analysis (A.F.C). The floristic inventory denotes a regressive dynamics of the formations at alfa passing from one site to another. Thus 39 plant species have been inventoried in the site in good condition, against 26 species for the moderately degraded site and 16 species only for the damaged site. The coupled results between species and edaphic parameters show the relations between the plant diversity and the physico-chemical characteristics of the soils. The statistical analyses do appear a strong correlation between floristic composition, the state of vegetation and the edaphic parameters.

Cite this paper

Hasnaoui, O. , Meziane, H. , Borsali, A. and Bouazza, M. (2014) Evaluation of Characteristics Floristico-Edaphic of the Steppes at Alfa (Stipa tenacissima L.) in the Saida Region (Western Algeria). Open Journal of Ecology, 4, 883-891. doi: 10.4236/oje.2014.414074.

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