Tectonic Geomorphology of Iran’s Salt Structures

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Iran has a various salt structures that their tectonic geomorphology is subject of this paper. Geologic situation of salt structures in Iran have determinate. According to age and geological setting of salt deposits that revealed by tectonic geomorphology methods, salt structure provinces of the Central and Southern Iran have been distinguished. Also, critical concepts of salt diapirism in the Southern Iran and Central Iran salt basins have explained. Therefore, Central Iran’s salt diapirs have triggered by tectonic forces, but salt diapirism in the Southern Iran has triggered by halokinesis, then it has effected by tectonic forces, especially in Zagros fold and thrust belt.

Cite this paper

Arian, M. and Noroozpour, H. (2015) Tectonic Geomorphology of Iran’s Salt Structures. Open Journal of Geology, 5, 61-72. doi: 10.4236/ojg.2015.52006.

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Petrography, Sedimentary Environments and Sequence Stratigraphy of Asmari Formation in Central Fars, Zagros, SW (Iran)

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ABSTRACT

To study petrography, microfacies, sedimentary environments and sequence stratigraphy of Asmari formation in central Fars, 4 stratigraphic sections have benn chosen and studied (Estahban, Shams-Abad, Sarvestan and Akbar-Abad Sections). Field and laboratories study recognized 16 carbonate microfacies and 2 clastic-carbanate facies. Study of microfacies, relative sea level change and sequence stratigraphy evidences show these microfacies are deposited in carbonate ramp sedimentary environment in 5 facies belt zones: Open marine (A), Restricted (B), Shoal (C), Lagoon (D) and Tidal flat (E) during Oligomiocene. Petrography, microfacies analysis and sedimentary environment of Asmari formation shows this formation in study area consist of 3 depositional sequences. Lower sequence boundary of DS1 with Jahrum formation is erosional (disconformity) SB1. Lower and upper sequence boundary of DS2 is SB2. The upper sequence boundary of DS3 is SB1 and ended under the Razak clastic formation. In central Fars only lower part of Asmari is deposited and upper part of this formation have been eroded and disappeared.

Cite this paper

Mahmoodabadi, R. (2014) Petrography, Sedimentary Environments and Sequence Stratigraphy of Asmari Formation in Central Fars, Zagros, SW (Iran). Open Journal of Geology, 4, 665-679. doi: 10.4236/ojg.2014.412050.

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[18] Mirzaee Mahmoodabadi, R. (2014) Sedimentary Environments and Correlative Sequence Stratigraphy of Upper Cretaceous— Paleogene Succession in Shiraz Area, Fars, SW IRAN. Open Journal of Geology, 4, 1-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojg.2014.41001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojg.2014.44009                                                                               eww150105lx

A Community Study on Attitudes to and Knowledge of Mental Illness in Tehran

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=52485#.VJoaUcCAM4′

ABSTRACT

There are a limited number of studies on attitudes towards mental illness and mentally ill from Islamic countries even though Islam is the second largest of the religious beliefs in the world. An interesting element in Islamic teaching is the idea that mental illness as well as other ailments might be an effect of the will of Allah. This could imply that persons suffering from mental disorders might be less stigmatized. The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge and attitudes towards mental illness in the city of Tehran, Iran. Eight hundred subjects, randomly chosen from 4 districts of Tehran, responded to a modified version of a questionnaire developed by the World Psychiatric Association to reduce stigma because of schizophrenia. The self-completed questionnaire was delivered by 4 trained psychologists. The mean age of the sample was 37.5 years and 53.3% being males. A majority agreed that mental illness could be treated outside the hospital (70%) and 74% thought that mentally ill “can work in regular jobs”. Almost half agreed that “mentally ill are a public nuisance” and that “mentally ill people are dangerous”. One quarter agreed that they “would be ashamed if people knew someone in the family who was diagnosed with mental illness”. Generally males seemed to be more accepting than women. Generally the level of negative attitudes in Tehran population is at the same level as in other countries and cultures studied. Cultural beliefs and Islamic influence on attitudes towards mental illness and mentally ill need further studies. The result indicates a need for further actions to reduce the negative attitudes towards mentally ill in Tehran, Iran.

Cite this paper

Ghanean, H. , Nojomi, M. and Jacobsson, L. (2015) A Community Study on Attitudes to and Knowledge of Mental Illness in Tehran. Open Journal of Psychiatry, 5, 26-30. doi: 10.4236/ojpsych.2015.51004.

References

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(07)61245-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1752-4458-3-15                                                                                    eww141224lx

The Effect of the Family’s Socioeconomic Factors on Nutrition of Elementary School Children

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=51571#.VG6LCWfHRK0

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Anthropometric indices are used for assessing the nutrition status of people and societies. The indices determine the growth of the child’s nutrition status, his socioeconomic status and his quality of life. This research aims to study the anthropometric indices of elementary school children in the Iranian city of Piranshahr using the Body Mass Index (BMI) and waist circumference in the first six months of 2011. Methods: In this descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study, 1803 students aged between 7 and 11 in Piranshahr were studied. Multi-stage cluster sampling was used. The research setting was an elementary school in Piranshahr. Demographic data were collected through interviews and record in questionnaires. A Secca stadiometer was used to measure the height of each student standing without shoes (accuracy of 0.1 centimeter). The weight was measured using a spring scale with an accuracy of 0.1 kilogram with the least possible clothes on. The weight was divided by the square of height (square meter) to calculate BMI. To determine overweight and obesity, BMI percentiles of Center for Disease Control (CDC) were used. In order to use appropriate tests, the normality and equality of variances were measured by Leven and K-S tests, respectively. Results: The study found that 231 children (12.8%) were at risk of overweight and 96 children (5.3%) were overweight. Conclusion: There was a meaningful difference between boys and girls in terms of nutrition status of BMI, father’s higher education level, shortness, abdominal obesity and family history of obesity, and father’s jobs (P < 0.0001).

Cite this paper

Farzianpour, F. , Reihani, A. , Hosseini, S. , Yaganeh, H. and Hosseini, S. (2014) The Effect of the Family’s Socioeconomic Factors on Nutrition of Elementary School Children. Health, 6, 2657-2667. doi: 10.4236/health.2014.619305.

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First Evidence of Hantavirus in Central Iran as an Emerging Viral Disease

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=51359#.VGVSrWfHRK0

ABSTRACT

Hantavirus is a zoonosis transmitted from rodents to humans. Asymptomatic infected rodents can secrete hantaviruses in the urine, feces, and saliva. The main route of infection transmission to human is aerosols contaminated with the virus. This study was designed to evaluate the serological and molecular prevalence of hantavirus as an emerging zoonoses disease among street sweepers in Isfahan province, central Iran. Serum samples from 200 street sweepers in healthy condition and those with recent renal failure were tested by ELISA (IgM and IgG). Molecular analysis was subsequently applied for IgM positive cases. From these samples, 9 (4.5%) were positive, of which 2 (22.22%) were positive for both IgM and RT-PCR, while 7 (77.77%) were positive for IgG. The mean age and work experience of the positive cases were 39.7 and 11.5 respectively. According to our observations, all positive cases reported prevalence of rodents in their work place. The logistic regression test showed that the age and work experience were not risk factors for being positive, but prevalence of rodents in work place was a risk factor for being positive, when compared with negative cases. This is the first comprehensive study on the prevalence of hantavirus with positive results coming from Iranian population, which can raise the public awareness for the hantavirus infections as a public health threat.

Cite this paper

Chinikar, S. , Javadi, A. , Hajiannia, A. , Ataei, B. , Jalali, T. , Khakifirouz, S. , Nowotny, N. and Schmidt-Chanasit, J. (2014) First Evidence of Hantavirus in Central Iran as an Emerging Viral Disease. Advances in Infectious Diseases, 4, 173-177. doi: 10.4236/aid.2014.44024.

References

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5505/TurkHijyen.2011.33254                                                            eww141114lx
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Distribution of Tick Species Infesting Domestic Ruminants in Borderline of Iran-Afghanistan

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=50647#.VEhOgFfHRK0

ABSTRACT

To determine the tick species parasitizing domestic ruminants in Zabol, Zahak and Qaen Counties which are located in east of Iran and are bordered with Afghanistan country, about 73 sheep, 44 goats and 27 cattle of 12 herds in several villages in Zabol, Zahak and Qaen Counties were inspected for tick infestation. Separated ticks were preserved in 70% alcohol and identified. About 464 ticks (252 male; 194 female) were collected; the occurrences of ticks on goats, cattle and sheep were about 17%, 15% and 26% respectively in all three Counties. The mean number of ticks on each animal was about 2 – 7 ticks per animal. Totally we found 3 genera hard ticks including Hyalomma, Rhipicephalus and Dermacentor in these regions. Hyalomma anatolicum, Hy. marginatum, Hy. asiaticum, Hy. detrinium, Rhipicephalus bursa, R. sanguineus, Dermacentorniveus, and D. marginatus, were the tick species we found. Hyalomma anatolicum and Hy. asiaticum were the most abundant species in the study area. The result of this study is a survey of tick species from domestic animals in east part of Iran and implication of possible prevention measures for diseases transmitted by ticks.

Cite this paper

Jafarbekloo, A. , Vatandoost, H. , Davari, A. , Faghihi, F. , Bakhshi, H. , Ramzgouyan, M. , Nasrabadi, M. and Telmadarraiy, Z. (2014) Distribution of Tick Species Infesting Domestic Ruminants in Borderline of Iran-Afghanistan. Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, 7, 982-987. doi: 10.4236/jbise.2014.712095.

References

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365540903362501
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[9] Telmadarraiy, Z., Vatandoost, H., Mohammadi, S., Akhavan, A., Abai, M., Rafinejad, J., Kia, E., Naini, F.F. and Jedari, M. and Aboulhasani, M. (2007) Determination of Rodent Ectoparasite Fauna in Sarpole-Zahab District, Kermanshah Province, Iran, 2004-2005. Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases, 1, 58-62.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jbise.2014.711089                                                                       eww141023lx

The Influence of Socio-Demographic, Health and Work-Related Factors on Health-Related Quality of Life among Iranian Industrial Workers

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www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=49834#.VBuc-1fHRK0

The Influence of Socio-Demographic, Health and Work-Related Factors on Health-Related Quality of Life among Iranian Industrial Workers.

ABSTRACT

Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has not been investigated among Iranian industrial workers. The present paper aimed to study the influence of the socio-demographic, health and work-related factors on HRQOL among Iranian industrial workers. In this cross-sectional study, participants were 280 workers of two factories. The Persian version of World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief (WHOQOL-BREF) was used to assess the HRQOL. A questionnaire was developed to assess the socio-demographic, health and work-related factors. Results showed that the means (SD) of physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment domains of HRQOL were 13.2 (2.7), 13.3 (2.6), 14.2 (3.5) and 12.6 (2.5), respectively. A multiple linear regression showed that types of job, exercise activity, working schedule, sleep quality, smoking, and conflict between work and social life were significantly associated with physical health domain; whereas, working schedule, marital status, working demand, sleep quality, BMI, and conflict between work and individual life were significantly associated with psychological health domain. Working schedule, working demand, sleep quality, conflict between work and individual life, and having children over two years were significantly associated with social relationship domain; however, working demand, working schedule, smoking, sleep quality, working hour, job satisfaction, marital status and exercise activity were significantly associated with environment domain. Collectively, work-related factors including unhealthy working conditions, unsafe working environments, long working hours, irregular working schedules, and the lack of occupational training may negatively influence the HRQOL of workers. To improve workers’ HRQOL, intervention programs should focus on improving work environment, working schedule, occupational training and restricting working hours.

Cite this paper

Taghavi, S. , Mokarami, H. , Nazifi, M. , Choobineh, A. , Marioryad, H. and Kujerdi, M. (2014) The Influence of Socio-Demographic, Health and Work-Related Factors on Health-Related Quality of Life among Iranian Industrial Workers. Health, 6, 2250-2260. doi: 10.4236/health.2014.616261.
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