Background: Knowledge plays a vital role in influencing the behavior and practices of individuals. Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem. Our objective is to identify the extent of awareness about TB among King Saud University students, and to compare knowledge about tuberculosis amongst different University tracks. Methods: This study was conducted using a cross-sectional approach including 530 students in three different academic tracks: Health, Scientific, and Humanitarian tracks. For data collection, a structured questionnaire was developed through revision of the literature which contained three different parts; demographic data of subjects, knowledge about TB and attitude toward TB. Results: The established scoring system revealed a poor grade of knowledge at 51.4%. Tuberculosis knowledge was significantly higher amongst the track of Health colleges (46.7% compared with 27.2% for the track of Science and 26% for the track of Humanitarian studies). However, some of the issues were answered fittingly in higher magnitude by the two other non-health tracks; there was no significant difference in gender-specific awareness level (48% for both). Conclusion: Although the Health track had better knowledge in general (46.7%), the level of awareness of Tuberculosis is poor among King Saud University students. Moreover, the level of awareness differs among the three tracks, which are health, humanitarian, and science. The health track showed the highest level of awareness.
Cite this paper
|||WHO. Tuberculosis Country Profiles, Epidemiology and Strategy.
|||Kumar, V., Abbas, A.K., Fausto, N. and Mitchell, R.N. (2007) Robbins Basic Pathology. 8th Edition, Saunders Elsevier, Philadelphia, 516-522.|
|||Beaglhole, R., Irwin, A. and Prentice, T. (2004) The World Health Report: 2004: Changing History. WHO, Geneva, 96.|
|||Al Jahdali, H., Baharoon, S., Abba, A., Memish, Z., Alrajhi, A., Albarrak, A., Haddad, Q., Alhajjaj, M., Pai, M. and Menzies, D. (2010) Saudi Guidelines for Testing and Treatment of Latent Tuberculosis Infection. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 30, 38-49.
|||Gijs, E., Mario, C.R. and Dermot, M. (2004) Scale Up: Meeting Targets in Global Tuberculosis Control. The Lancet, 363, 814-819.|
|||Suárez, P.G., Watt, C.J., Alarcón, E., Portocarrero, J., Zavala, D., Canales, R., Luelmo, F., Espinal, M.A. and Dye, C. (2001) The Dynamics of Tuberculosis in Response to 10 Years of Intensive Control Effort in Peru. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 184, 473-478.
|||Westaway, M.S. (1989) Knowledge, Beliefs and Feeling about Tuberculosis. Health Education Research, Theory & Practice, 4, 205-211.|
|||Koay, T.K. (2004) Knowledge and Attitudes towards Tuberculosis. Medical Journal of Malaysia, 59, 502-511.|
|||Yadav, S.P., Mathur, M.L. and Dixit, A.K. (2006) Knowledge and Attitude towards Tuberculosis among Sandstone Quarry Workers in Desert Parts of Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, 53, 187-195.|
|||(2009) Statistical Package for Social Sciences (for Personal Computers) (SPSS-PC). Version 18, SPSS Co., Chicago.|
|||Dolin, R., Mandell, G.L. and Bennett, J.E. (2010) Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 7th Edition, Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier, Philadelphia, Chapter 250.|
|||Broekmans, J.F., Migliori, G.B., Reider, H.L., Leesz, J., Ruutu, P., Loddenkemperf, R. and Raviglione, M.C. (2002) European Framework for Tuberculosis Control and Elimination in Countries with a Low Incidence. Recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO), International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD) and Royal Netherlands Tuberculosis Association (KNCV) Working Group. European Journal of Respiratory Diseases, 19, 765-775.
|||Kim, S.C., Jin, B.W., Shimao, T. and Mori, T. (1985) Study on the Knowledge of Tuberculosis and Attitudes towards the Disease. Bulletin of the International Union against Tuberculosis, 60, 131-132.|
|||Al-Jabri, A.A., Dorvlo, A.S., Al-Rahbi, S., Al-Abriand, J. and Al-Adawi, S. (2006) Knowledge of Tuberculosis among Medical Professionals and University Students in Oman. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 12, 509-521.|
|||Lu, S.H., Tian, B.C., Kang, X.P., Zhang, W., Meng, X.P., Zhang, J.B. and Lo, S.K. (2009) Public Awareness of Tuberculosis in China: A National Survey of 69 253 Subjects. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 13, 1493-1499.|
|||Hoa, N.P., Chuc, N.T. and Thorson, A. (2009) Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices about Tuberculosis and Choice of Communication Channels in a Rural Community in Vietnam. Health Policy, 90, 8-12.
|||Corless, J., Stockton, P., Myers, S. and Davies, P. (2002) A World-Wide Internet Survey of Public Knowledge about Tuberculosis. Respiratory Medicine, 96, 59-60.