Distance Learning and Administrators Training in Basic Education: The Importance, Principles and Meanings in Contemporaneity

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Author(s)

Naura Syria Carapeto Ferreira

Affiliation(s)

Tuiuti University of Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

This article addresses three fundamental elements in contemporaneity for Brazilians and worldwide people: The Distance Learning, the Administrators Training and the Basic Education. It is necessary to understand them within the relation that links them and demonstrates responsibility from the principles and meanings committed with citizen human formation of all the Brazilian and worldwide population. Therefore, I will point at re-signifying those elements in this relation, opening ways to purposeful ideas.

KEYWORDS

Distance Learning, Education, Technology Education, Administrators, Management

Cite this paper

Ferreira, N. (2015) Distance Learning and Administrators Training in Basic Education: The Importance, Principles and Meanings in Contemporaneity. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 3, 15-19. doi: 10.4236/jss.2015.32003.

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Management Improvement of the Agmon Wetlands System (Hula Valley, Israel) Aimed at the Enhancement of Bird Populations and Kinneret Protection

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=53560#.VMiO0izQrzE

Author(s)

ABSTRACT

An ecological project is proposed for the system of Lake Agmon (Hula Valley, Israel). The project indicates a change of the original concept of the Hula Project construction. Practically Lake Agmon system was found to remove negligible amounts of Nitrogen and Phosphorus from the Lake Kinneret budget. Moreover, Lake Kinneret ecosystem has undergone limnological changes. The P limited Kinneret system is currently N limited. Therefore reduction of P and enhancement of N from the Hula Valley outflow might be beneficial to the Kinneret ecosystem. Currently, the TN concentration in the Agmon outflow is lower than in its inflow and vice versa for P. Consequently, this paper recommends conveying peat soil drained waters, the Agmon inflow, directly to Lake Kinneret instead of letting the waters flow through Lake Agmon. Nitrogen reduction in Lake Agmon is due to de-nitrification and sedimentation and P increase is due to degradation of aquatic vegetation. Additional benefit of this change is the predicted improvement of the new infrastructure for the activity of aquatic birds aimed at eco-tourism improvement.

Cite this paper

Gophen, M. (2015) Management Improvement of the Agmon Wetlands System (Hula Valley, Israel) Aimed at the Enhancement of Bird Populations and Kinneret Protection. Open Journal of Modern Hydrology, 5, 1-9. doi: 10.4236/ojmh.2015.51001.

References

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[7] Gophen, M. (2004) Water Utilization in a Semi-Arid Zone, the Hula Valley (Israel): Pollutant Removal, Agriculture and Ecotourism Management. In: Zreiny, F. and Hotzl, H., Eds., Water in the Middle East and in North Africa: Resources, Protection, and management, Springer, Berlin, 207-226.
[8] Gophen, M. (2004) Ecohydrological Management of Lake Kinneret: A Case Study. Ecohydrology and Hydrobiology, 4, 397-408.
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[11] Gophen, M. (2011) The Cladoceran Trophic Status in the Nitrogen Limited Ecosystem of Lake Kinneret (Israel). Journal of Environmental Biology, 32.
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http://dx.doi.org./10.4236/ojmh.2014.44012                                                                               eww150128lx
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The Structural Dimensions of the Political Institutions of the State; Theorizing through the Management and Institutional Theory: Proposed Boarding

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=51017#.VFGhYFfHRK0

ABSTRACT

Our research is to review two significant models for analyzing structures of institutions, which have made themselves, first Henry Mintzberg, with its model of key elements of the structures, and on the other hand, Meyer & Rowan with his model of rationalized institutional structures. The discourse of previous authors, resides to sustain what for them are the most important or essential dimensions of the structures in the institutions. With up to us, we try to review the arguments of both models and their contribution to institutional theory to develop on our part, discursive lines supported in said Institutional Theory, those that we believe which should be the structural dimensions of the institutions policies, and should be reviewed by anyone who makes part of itself, the study of the structures of the State political Institutions, which we consider, are institutional political dimensions, which will allow the political organization par excellence, its own stability, adaptation and arrangement, through the design of incentives or sanctions reflected in their own Political Institutions.

Cite this paper

Sanchez Garcia, A. (2014) The Structural Dimensions of the Political Institutions of the State; Theorizing through the Management and Institutional Theory: Proposed Boarding. Open Journal of Political Science, 4, 250-256. doi: 10.4236/ojps.2014.44027.

References

[1] March, J., & Olsen, J. P. (1984). The New Institutionalism: Organizational Factors in Political Life. American Political Science Review, 78, 738-749.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1961840
[2] McFarland, D. A. (2014). University Stanford (Producer): Program Organizational Analysis, Lecture 21—Institucions and Organizational Legitimacy—Part 1.
https://class.coursera.org/organalysis-002/lecture/160
[3] Meyer, J., & Rowan, B. (1977). Institutionalized Organizations: Formal Structure as Myth and Ceremony. American Journal of Sociology, 83, 340-363.
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[4] Mintzberg, H. (2002). The Structuring of Organizations: ARIEL.
[5] Peters, G. B. (2004). The New Institutionalism. Barcelona: GEDISA.                                            eww141030lx
[6] Zagrebelsky, G. (2007). The Rule of Law to the Constitutional State. The Ductile Law. Law, Rights, Justice. Madrid: TROTA.

Effects of Winter Harvesting and Salinity on the Structure of Regrowing Reed Stands

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=50889#.VE7wKVfHRK0

ABSTRACT

Harvest and salinity are two important factors of the growth of common reed (Phragmites australis). We here examined the different impact of winter harvest treatment on the Phragmites australis between high and low salinity (mean soil electrical conductivity is 7.87 ms/cm and 0.91 ms/cm) areas in Dongtan wetland of Yangtze River estuary, China. We measured phenology, Shoot density, stem diameter and height, biomass (total, aboveground and belowground biomass) and spike weight. At high salinity areas, harvest significantly inhibited the individual growth of stem height yet enhanced ramet density, and consequently led to an insignificant change in aboveground biomass. The belowground parts of reed were significantly inhibited. The root shoot ratio and the proportion of asexual reproduction decreased significantly. At low salinity areas, however, winter harvest generally has no significant influence on reed growth. Our results suggest that the winter harvest management may cause a decline of reed populations in the long term under condition of high salinity; however winter harvesting can be suggested as a proper management for sustainable utilization of reed communities at low salinity areas.

Cite this paper

Huang, M. , Sheng, Q. , Wu, J. and Pan, X. (2014) Effects of Winter Harvesting and Salinity on the Structure of Regrowing Reed Stands. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 3250-3257. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.521339.

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Perspectives of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment in Tampico, Mexico

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=50182#.VDHk9VfHRK0

ABSTRACT

Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) has brought negative effects to the environment produced by the materials that compose them. The proper implementation of management plans of WEEE should integrate measures to prevent, mitigate and correct these affectations. As an initial step, it is necessary to make a diagnosis of the current situation of WEEE management which is the objective of this work. The studied zone was composed by the municipalities of Tampico, Ciudad Madero and Altamira located in southeast Tamaulipas, Mexico. The descriptive analysis of technical and regulatory aspects of the current management system in the study area was developed, including generation rates and analysis of waste streams. Among the main results, the generation of WEEE was estimated in 2040.38 tons/year for 2013, distributed in the municipalities of Tampico with 830.93 tons/year, Altamira with 650.18 tons/year, and Ciudad Madero with 559.27 tons/year. This calculation was estimated using Mexico’s WEEE generation indicators. The analysis of waste streams includes five categories of WEEE, Televisions with 61% of the total generation, followed by sound devices with 18%, personal computers with 17%; mobile phones with 2% as well as fixed phones with 1%. In the study area, reports of Tampico’s municipality indicated that 96 tons of WEEE was collected in the city of Tampico in 2013. In México, the national legislation considers WEEE in the category of waste requiring special handling (WRSH), however, it exists an inadequacy in the environmental laws about the specific classification of this kind of debris that makes their effective management more difficult. No companies who provide a management or treatment operations for WEEE are reported in Tampico, or in the near region. In addition, despite an initial interest for the municipality to attend the WEEE problematic, it exists a lack of sensibility of the population in the absence of environmental education programs.

Cite this paper

Cabrera-Cruz, R. , Bautista-Vargas, M. , Rolón-Aguilar, J. , Tobías-Jaramillo, R. and Gordillo-Martínez, A. (2014) Perspectives of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment in Tampico, Mexico. Journal of Environmental Protection, 5, 1266-1276. doi: 10.4236/jep.2014.512120.

References

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jep.2013.45048
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jep.2013.49117
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A Review of Literature Pertaining to Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma with Emphasis on the Role of the Human Papilloma Virus

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=49929#.VCDi9VfHRK0

A Review of Literature Pertaining to Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma with Emphasis on the Role of the Human Papilloma Virus.

ABSTRACT

Over the last decades the United Kingdom has seen a general increase in the incidence of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). In addition to the classical risk factors of smoking and alcohol consumption there now appears that a viral aetiology is attributed to a significant proportion of HNSCC. A number of studies have indicated that human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is implicated with the subtype HPV 16 being found in many histopathological specimens. Further evidence suggests that HPV positive status is a prognostic factor related to a favourable outcome in head and neck cancers. This premise may have a significant impact on our approach to treating HNSCC. Patients belonging to stages I/II are traditionally treated with curative intent, single modality treatments that are either radiation or surgery alone. These treatment regimens are relatively aggressive and may lead to severe functional impairment. HPV patients may not require such an approach. This dissertation examines the current evidence which has given rise to these assertions, and explores the unresolved issues preventing HPV positive status becoming part of the management convention. The methodology involved a comprehensive literature review. The literature conclusions and limitations are discussed with reference to what is becoming accepted universally in this field and what remains to be elucidated. The different prognosis and treatment reaction to radiotherapy and chemotherapy by HPV positive tumours could be extrapolated to suggest that HPV status detection is required to plan treatment regimes. Indeed a separate subset of patients could potentially be categorised with an improvement in morbidity.

Cite this paper

Cartwright, S. (2014) A Review of Literature Pertaining to Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma with Emphasis on the Role of the Human Papilloma Virus. International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, 3, 279-292. doi: 10.4236/ijohns.2014.35051.
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A Simple Approach of Low Back Pain

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http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=49767#.VBpILFfHRK0

A Simple Approach of Low Back Pain.

ABSTRACT

Low back pain (LBP) is primarily managed in general practice and commonly underestimated or misdiagnosed by physicians. This article presents comprehensive review for diagnosis and evaluation of LBP according to current clinical studies guidelines. Our objectives are to define LBP, to establish how to take a detailed history and how to physically examine it in order to enable physicians to make an appropriate differential diagnosis for LBP, and to identify relevant investigations and referrals of patients with LBP. The article first offers a quick description of inflammatory back pain then discusses the importance of screening red flag patients with LBP and the importance of its early detection. Finally, we summarize how to outline a primary plan for managing and treating LBP. The article is prepared in the format of question and answer to make it targeted and accessible.

Cite this paper

Almoallim, H. , Alwafi, S. , Albazli, K. , Alotaibi, M. and Bazuhair, T. (2014) A Simple Approach of Low Back Pain. International Journal of Clinical Medicine, 5, 1087-1098. doi: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.517139.
References

 

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